IRAS 18333-2357 (GJJC 1)

Planetary Nebula IRAS 18333-2357 (PK 009-07.1, GJJC 1) in Globular Cluster M22 in Sagittarius

[PN in M22]
Right Ascension 18 : 36.3 (h:m)
Declination -23 : 55.5 (deg:m)
Distance 10.1 (kly)
Visual Brightness 15. (mag)
Apparent Dimension 3 (arc seconds)

Planetary nebula IRAS 18333-2357 or GJJC1 in M22 was discovered by the infrared satellite IRAS (Gillett et.al., 1989). This faint object is of about 15th visual magnitude and only 3 arc seconds diameter. Lying 1' south of the center of M22, the nebula is an extreme observer's challenge: It is Rich Jakiel's Ultimate Challenge No. 7. Doug Snyder has an excellent IRAS 18333-2357 information page [archival copy] and a detailed IRAS 18333-2357 observer's page [archival copy] with locating info and images; we adopted the image on the right from there.

Below we present images of the faint planetary nebula IRAS 18333-2357, from George Jacoby's planetary nebulae sampler:

[M22 PN, {O III} image] This is a small region in the globular cluster M22, a dense star cluster about 3 kpc away. Near the center is a very unusual planetary nebula discovered by its distinctive infra-red emission with the IRAS satellite. The nebula is almost undetectable in this image.

[M22 PN, diff image] This is the exact same picture as the M22 picture above, but a continuum image was subtracted from the {OIII} image above to enhance the visibility of the emission-line nebula. The "dual headlight" white spots just above the center of the picture show the brightest parts of the nebula, but there are also faint wisps tailing away and downward. This nebula is extremely bizarre in that (1) it is only 1 of 2 known in globular clusters, (2) it is only 1 of 4 known to be completely devoid of hydrogen, and (3) it is only 1 of about 3 known to be sweeping through the interstellar medium. The central star is the bright star in the middle of the picture.

Credit: George Jacoby, KPNO

  • More info on these images (George Jacoby)
  • More images by George Jacoby



  • Planetary Nebula Pease 1 in M15
  • Planetary Nebulae in Globular Clusters

    Hartmut Frommert
    Christine Kronberg

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    Last Modification: February 4, 2015