Messier Objects Cross References


M1: NGC 1952, GC 1157, h 357, Bode 11; BD +21 891; Taurus A, 3C144, 4C+21.19, Taurus X-1, G184.6-5.8 Crab Pulsar: NP0532, PSR 0531+21 Crab Supernova: SN 1054, CM Tauri M2: NGC 7089, GC 4678, h 2125, Lalande 41928, Bode 70, Koehler No. 14; BD -01 4175; Mel 235 M3: NGC 5272, GC 3636, h 1663; BD +29 2450; Mel 119 M4: NGC 6121, GC 4183, Lac I.9, deCh 19, Bode 31; B.A.C. 5455, Mel 144 M5: NGC 5904, GC 4083, h 1916, Bode 29, Koehler No. 13; BD +02 2943; Mel 133 M6: NGC 6405, GC 4318, h 3699, Dunlop 612, Lac III.12, deCh 1, Ha II.4, Bode 39; Mel 178, Cr 341 M7: NGC 6475, GC 4340, h 3710, Lac II.14, Ha II.2, Bode 41, Ptolemy 567, Ulegh Begh 564, Halley 29; Mel 183, Cr 354 M8: NGC 6523, GC 4361, h 3722, Lac III.13, deCh 8, Bode 44, Bode 45 ?, Koehler No. 3 M9: NGC 6333, GC 4287, h 1979, h 3677, Bode 36; BD -18 4488; Mel 167 M10: NGC 6254, GC 4256, h 1972, h 3659, Bode 33, Koehler No. 4; BD -03 4031; Mel 157 M11: NGC 6705, GC 4437, h 2019, deCh 14, Bode 62, Koehler No. 20; Mel 213 M12: NGC 6218, GC 4238, h 1971, Bode 32, Koehler No. 5; BD -01 3245; Mel 151 M13: NGC 6205, GC 4230, h 1968, Halley, Bode 30, Koehler No. 18; BD +36 2768; Mel 150 M14: NGC 6402, GC 4315, h 1983, h 3698, Bode 37; BD -03 4142; Mel 175 M15: NGC 7078, GC 4670, h 2120, Lalande 40815, Bode 71, Koehler No. 15, Struve 9; BD +11 4577; Mel 234 M16: NGC 6611, GC 4400, h 2006, deCh 4, Bode 52; Mel 198 M17: NGC 6618, GC 4403, h 2008, deCh 20, Bode 54; BD -16 4820 M18: NGC 6613, GC 4401, h 2007, Bode 53 M19: NGC 6273, GC 4264, h 1975, h 3663, Bode 35; Mel 160 M20: NGC 6514, GC 4355, h 1991, h 3718, H IV.41, H V.10, H V.11, H V.12, Bode 47 M21: NGC 6531, GC 4367, h 1993, Bode 50; Mel 188 M22: NGC 6656, GC 4424, h 2015, h 3753, Lac I.12, deCh 17, Bode 57, Koehler No. 1; Mel 208 M23: NGC 6494, GC 4346, h 1990, Bode 42; Mel 184, Cr 356 M24: >NGC 6603, IC 4715?, GC 4397 (MWP M24), h 2004, Bode 51 NGC 6603: Mel 197, Cr 374 M25: IC 4725, deCh 5, Bode 56; Bailey, Mel 204 M26: NGC 6694, GC 4432, h 3758, Bode 59; Mel 212 M27: NGC 6853, GC 4532, h 2060, Bode 67, Koehler No. 7; BD +22 3878; PK 060-03.1, ARO 14, He2-452 M28: NGC 6626, GC 4406, h 2010, h 3743, Bode 58 ?, Koehler No. 2; Mel 200 M29: NGC 6913, GC 4576, h 2078, Bode 69, C.H. 6 M30: NGC 7099, GC 4687, h 2128, h 3878, Bode 68; Mel 237 M31: NGC 224, GC 116, h 50, Ha III.3, Bode 3, Flamsteed 58, Hevelius 32; BD +40 148; UGC 454, Andromeda A M32: NGC 221, GC 117, h 51, Bode 2, Struve 1; BD +40 147; UGC 452, Arp 168 M33: NGC 598, GC 352, h 131, H V.17, Ha IV.4?, Bode 5; BD +29 261; UGC 1117 NGC 604 (bright HII region): GC 355, h 133, H III.150 M34: NGC 1039, GC 584, h 248, Ha IV.12, Bode 7; Mel 17, Cr 31 M35: NGC 2168, GC 1360, h 377, deCh 12, Bode 14; Mel 41, Cr 82 M36: NGC 1960, GC 1166, h 358, Ha II.7, Bode 12, Koehler No. 10; Mel 37, Cr 71 M37: NGC 2099, GC 1295, h 369, Ha II.7, Bode 13; Mel 38, Cr 75 M38: NGC 1922, GC 1119, Ha II.7, Bode 9, Koehler No. 11; Mel 36, Cr 67 M39: NGC 7092, GC 4681, h 2126, Bode 75; Mel 236 M40: Winnecke 4 (Win 4, WNC 4), Bode 23 74 & 75 UMa = Hevelius 1496, Bode 24 M41: NGC 2287, GC 1454, h 411, Ha IV.2, Flamsteed 965, Bode 15; Mel 52, Cr 118 M42: NGC 1976, GC 1179, h 360, deCh 16, Ha I.5, Bode 10, Flamsteed 748; Orion A M43: NGC 1982, GC 1185, H III.1? M44: NGC 2632, GC 1681, h 517, deCh 11, Ha II.1, Ptolemy 449, Ulegh Begh 446, Tycho 576, Hevelius 291, Flamsteed 1213, Bode 20; Mel 88, Cr 189 M45: Ha I.1, Bode 8; Bailey; Mel 22, Cr 42 [also see M45 table for the Pleiades nebulae] NGC 1435 = Merope Nebula: GC 768, Auwers N.18, Tempel's Nebula NGC 1432 = Maia Nebula, Brothers Henry's Nebula IC 349 = Part of Merope Nebula, Barnard's Merope Nebula M46: NGC 2437, GC 1564, h 463, C.H. 3; Mel 75, Cr 159 M47: NGC 2422, GC 1551, h 459, h 3088, H VIII.38, Ha IV.1; Mel 68, Cr 152 NGC 2478 = erroneous M47 position: GC 1594 M48: NGC 2548, GC 1637, h 496, H VI.22, C.H. 5, Bode (1782); Mel 85, Cr 179 M49: NGC 4472, GC 3021, h 1294, Oriani; BD +08 2607; Arp 134, UGC 7629 M50: NGC 2323, GC 1483, h 425, Bode 16; Mel 58, Cr 124 M51: NGC 5194, GC 3572, h 1622, Bode 25; BD +47 2063; Arp 85, UGC 8493 M51B: NGC 5195 (close companion, disc. Méchain): GC 3574, h 1623, H I.186; Arp 85, UGC 8494 M52: NGC 7654, GC 4957, h 2238; BD +60 2535; Mel 243, Cr 455 M53: NGC 5024, GC 3453, h 1558, Bode 26, Struve 4; BD +18 2701; Mel 117 M54: NGC 6715, GC 4442, h 3763, Dunlop 624; Mel 216 M55: NGC 6809, GC 4503, h 3798, Dunlop 620, Lac I.14, Bode 63; Mel 221 M56: NGC 6779, GC 4485, h 2036; BD +29 3538; Mel 220 M57: NGC 6720, GC 4447, h 2023, Darquier; PK 063+13.1, ARO 9 M58: NGC 4579, GC 3121, h 1368; BD +12 2496; UGC 7792 M59: NGC 4621, GC 3155, h 1386, Koehler; BD +12 2502; UGC 7858 M60: NGC 4649, GC 3182, h 1408, Oriani, Koehler; BD +12 2508; Arp 116, UGC 7898, VV 206 M61: NGC 4303, GC 2878, h 1202, H I.139, Oriani; UGC 7420 M62: NGC 6266, GC 4261, h 3661, Dunlop 627; Mel 159 M63: NGC 5055, GC 3474, h 1570; UGC 8334 M64: NGC 4826, GC 3321, h 1486, Bode 77; BD +22 2526; UGC 8062, PKS 1254+21 M65: NGC 3623, GC 2373, h 854; BD +13 2386; Arp 317, UGC 6328, VV 308 M66: NGC 3627, GC 2377, h 857, h 875?; BD +13 2390; Arp 16, Arp 317, UGC 6346, VV 308, PKS 1117+132 M67: NGC 2682, GC 1712, h 531, Koehler No. 19; BD +12 1926; Mel 94, Cr 204 M68: NGC 4590, GC 3128, h 3404; Mel 113 M69: NGC 6637, GC 4411, h 3747, Dunlop 613; Mel 202 Lac I.11 (asterism near M69): NGC 6634, GC 5076, Bode 46 M70: NGC 6681, GC 4428, h 3756, Dunlop 614; Mel 211 M71: NGC 6838, GC 4520, h 2056, deCh 13, Koehler No. 7; BD +18 4290; Mel 226 M72: NGC 6981, GC 4608, h 2090; BD -13 5783; Mel 233 M73: NGC 6994, GC 4617; Winnecke 4 (WNC 4) M74: NGC 628, GC 372, h 142; BD +15 238; UGC 1149 M75: NGC 6864, GC 4543, h 2064; BD -22 5331; Mel 228 M76: NGC 650, GC 385; PK 130-10.1, ARO 2 NGC 651 (NF), GC 386, H I.193 M77: NGC 1068, GC 600, h 262; BD -00 412; Arp 37, UGC 2188, Cetus A, 3C71, 4C-00.13, PKS 0240-002 M78: NGC 2068, GC 1267, h 368; BD +00 1177 M79: NGC 1904, GC 1112; Mel 34 M80: NGC 6093, GC 4173, h 3624; BD -22 4135; Mel 142 M81: NGC 3031, GC 1949, h 649, Bode 17, Koehler No. 8A; BD +69 543; UGC 5318 M82: NGC 3034, GC 1950, H IV.79, Bode 18, Koehler No. 8B, 4H.ON.; BD +70 588; Arp 337, UGC 5322, Ursa Major A, 3C231 M83: NGC 5236, GC 3606, h 3523, Dunlop 628, Lac I.6, Bode 27; UGCA 366 M84: NGC 4374, GC 2930, h 1237; BD +13 2531; UGC 7494, 3C272.1 M85: NGC 4382, GC 2946, h 1242; UGC 7508 M86: NGC 4406, GC 2961, h 1253; BD +13 2533; UGC 7532 M87: NGC 4486, GC 3035, h 1301; BD +13 2546; Arp 152, UGC 7654, Virgo A, 3C274 M88: NGC 4501, GC 3049, h 1312; UGC 7675 M89: NGC 4552, GC 3097, h 1348; UGC 7760 M90: NGC 4569, GC 3111; BD +13 2560; Arp 76, UGC 7786 M91: NGC 4548, GC 3093, h 1345, H II.120; UGC 7753 NGC 4571 = erroneous "M91?" in GC: GC 3120, h 1367, = GC 3113, h 1362, H III.602 M92: NGC 6341, GC 4294, Bode 76, Lalande 31544; BD +43 2711; Mel 168 M93: NGC 2447, GC 1571, h 3098, C.H. 1; Mel 76, Cr 160 M94: NGC 4736, GC 3258, h 1456; BD +41 2333; UGC 7996 M95: NGC 3351, GC 2184, h 743; BD +12 2249; UGC 5850, 3C 245 M96: NGC 3368, GC 2194, h 749; BD +12 2253; UGC 5882 M97: NGC 3587, GC 2343, h 838; BD +55 1449; PK 148+57.1, ARO 25 M98: NGC 4192, GC 2786, h 1132; BD +15 2429; UGC 7231 M99: NGC 4254, GC 2838, h 1173; UGC 7345 M100: NGC 4321, GC 2890, h 1211; UGC 7450 M101: NGC 5457, GC 3770, h 1744; BD +55 1651; Arp 26, UGC 8981 M102: NGC 5866, GC 4058, h 1909, H I.215; BD +56 1783; UGC 9723 M103: NGC 581, GC 341, h 126; Struve 131; Mel 8, Cr 14 M104: NGC 4594, GC 3132, h 1376, H I.43; BD -10 3525; UGCA 293 M105: NGC 3379, GC 2203, h 757, H I.17; UGC 5902 M106: NGC 4258, GC 2841, h 1175, H V.43; BD +48 2012; UGC 7353 M107: NGC 6171, GC 4211, h 3637, H VI.40; BD -12 4537; Mel 148 M108: NGC 3556, GC 2318, h 831, H V.46; UGC 6225 M109: NGC 3992, GC 2635, h 1030, H IV.61; UGC 6937 M109B: NGC 3953, GC 2606, h 1011, H V.45; UGC 6870 M110: NGC 205, GC 105, h 44, H V.18, C.H. 9; BD +40 141; UGC 426
Key:
H:
William Herschel
C.H.:
Caroline Herschel
h:
John Herschel (1833, 1847)
GC:
General Catalog, John Herschel 1864
Lac:
Lacaille
deCh:
de Chéseaux
Bode:
Johann Elert Bode's "Complete Catalog" of 77 deepsky objects (1779 version)
Ha:
Hodierna
BD:
Bonner Durchmusterung (entry in star catalog)

Cr:
Collinder.
Mel:
Melotte, 1915. A Catalogue of Star Clusters shown on Franklin-Adams Chart Plates. Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. LX [60], Part V, pp. 175-186 + Pl. 16-17.
PK:
L. Perek and L. Kohoutek. Catalogue of Planetary Nebulae. Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 1967.
ARO:
Algonquin Radio Observatory; L.A. Higgs, P.A.B., Vol. 1, No. 1, Dominion Observatory (1971).
He2:
Karl G. Henize, 1967. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 14, p. 125.
3C:
Third Cambridge Catalogue
Arp:
H.C. Arp, 1966. Catalog of Peculiar Galaxies. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 14, p. 1.
UGC:
Uppsala General Catalogue of Galaxies (1973), by P.N. Nilson
UGCA:
Catalog of Selected Non-UGC Galaxies (1974), by P.N. Nilson
  • Cross References for some Non-Messier Objects


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    Christine Kronberg
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    Last Modification: April 26, 2013