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Messier 37

Open Cluster M37 (NGC 2099), type 'f', in Auriga

Right Ascension 05 : 52.4 (h:m)
Declination +32 : 33 (deg:m)
Distance 4.4 (kly)
Visual Brightness 6.2 (mag)
Apparent Dimension 24.0 (arc min)

Discovered by Giovanni Batista Hodierna before 1654.

Although Messier 37 (M37, NGC 2099) is the brightest of the 3 open clusters in southern Auriga, this cluster was missed by Le Gentil when he rediscovered M36 and M38 in 1749, so that it was to Charles Messier to find this one independently on September 2, 1764. Generally unknown until 1984, all three clusters had been previously recorded by Hodierna before 1654.

M37 is the also the richest of the 3, containing about 150 stars brighter than mag 12.5, and perhaps a total of over 500 stars. As indicated by the fact that it has a considerable number (at least a dozen) of red giants, and that the hottest main sequence star is of spectral type B9V, this cluster is a more evolved group with an estimated age of about 300 million years. Its distance is given discordantly: Kenneth Glyn Jones gives 3,600 light years, the Sky Catalog 2000 has 4,400 while Götz gives about 4,100, Mallas 4,600, and Burnham 4,700 light years. Its apparent diameter of 24' corresponds to a linear extension of about 20 to 25 light years, according to which distance is taken. It was classified as of Trumpler type I,1,r or I,2,r.

  • Historical Observations and Descriptions of M37
  • More images of M37
  • Amateur images of M37
  • More images of M36, M37, and M38

  • Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) study of M37 (also see press release)
  • WEBDA cluster page for M37
  • SIMBAD Data of M37
  • NED Data of M37
  • Publications on M37 (NASA ADS)
  • Observing Reports for M37 (IAAC Netastrocatalog)
  • NGC Online data for M37

    Hartmut Frommert
    Christine Kronberg

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    Last Modification: August 25, 2007